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Geography

Area and geographical features
The Republic of Singapore consists of the island of Singapore and 63 smaller islands. The country is located just off the southernmost tip of Peninsular Malaysia, to which it is linked by a causeway and bridge. The land area is steadily being increased by reclamation. The total area is now around 650 sq. km.

The main island is 42 km long and 23 km wide. About half the island comprises residential, commercial and industrial districts. Under 2% is given over to agriculture. The rest consists of forest reserves, marshes and other undeveloped tracts. Twenty-four of the smaller islands are inhabited.
Population
Singapore's population is around 4 million, of whom 77% are of Chinese origin, 14% Malay, 7% Indian and 2% others.

Major business cities and towns
There is some industrial development throughout the island. But there is a strong concentration of potentially polluting industries on the western side (Jurong, Tuas and Sembawang).

Climate
The climate is Singapore is equatorial. Temperatures do not fluctuate significantly throughout the year. The average daily maximum temperature is just below 31 degrees C. Humidity often exceeds 90 percent and rainfall is abundant. The wettest months are December and January.

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