Area and geographical features
The Republic of Singapore consists of the island of Singapore
and 63 smaller islands. The country is located just off
the southernmost tip of Peninsular Malaysia, to which
it is linked by a causeway and bridge. The land area is
steadily being increased by reclamation. The total area
is now around 650 sq. km.
The main island is 42 km long and 23 km wide. About half
the island comprises residential, commercial and industrial
districts. Under 2% is given over to agriculture. The
rest consists of forest reserves, marshes and other undeveloped
tracts. Twenty-four of the smaller islands are inhabited.
Singapore's population is around 4 million, of whom 77%
are of Chinese origin, 14% Malay, 7% Indian and 2% others.
Major business cities and towns
There is some industrial development throughout
the island. But there is a strong concentration of potentially
polluting industries on the western side (Jurong, Tuas
The climate is Singapore is equatorial. Temperatures
do not fluctuate significantly throughout the year. The
average daily maximum temperature is just below 31 degrees
C. Humidity often exceeds 90 percent and rainfall is abundant.
The wettest months are December and January.