Area and geographical features
Covering an area of 300,176 sq km the Philippines consist
of over 7100 islands of which 1000 are inhabited. The
two largest islands Luzon and Mindanao consist of over
66% of the land area. Situated between them are the Visaya
The islands are mainly mountainous with several active
volcanoes, one of which, Mount Apo (2954m) is the highest
peak. Much of the land is fertile and narrow coastal plains
give way to forested plateaus with over 33% of the islands
forested. Earthquakes are common in the Philippines.
Population of 80.4 million (estimated by the Philippines
National Statistics Office in Sept 02). Population density
of 249 per sq km. The annual growth rate is 2.02%. 60%
of the population is between 15 and 64 with some 50% below
The ethnic make up is predominantly Indo-Malay (with Chinese
and Spanish backgrounds)
Major business cities and towns
Metro Manila is the capital of the Philippines. Makati
is Metro Manila's main business and commercial district.
Other principal commercial centres Davao (the main city
on Mindanao), Cebu City (capital of the Visayan Islands)
The climate is tropical tempered by sea breezes. In the
north the monsoon season lasts from June to October and
can be characterized by typhoons. The monsoon does not
affect the south. Rainfall occurs throughout the year.
Average annual temperatures range from 20-35oC with 65-90%
humidity and some 2300 mm of rain.