Area and geographical features
Malaysia is situated in central South-East Asia, bordering
on Thailand in the north, with Singapore and Indonesia
to the south. The land area of Malaysia is 329,758 sq
km (127,320 square miles). It is composed of Peninsular
Malaysia and the states of Sabah and Sarawak (East Malaysia)
on the north coast of the island of Borneo, 650-950km
(404-600 miles) across the South China Sea. Peninsula
Malaysia is an area of forested mountain ranges running
north to south, on either side of which are low-lying coastal
plains. The coastline extends some 1900km (1200 miles).
The west coast consists of mangrove swamps and mudflats
which separate into bays and inlets. In the west, the
plains have been cleared and cultivated, while the unsheltered
east coast consists of tranquil beaches backed by dense
jungle. Sarawak has alluvial and, in places, swampy coastal
plains with rivers penetrating the jungle-covered hills
and mountains of the interior. Sabah has a narrow coastal
plain which gives way to mountains and jungle. Mount Kinabalu,
at 4094m (13,432ft), is the highest peak in Malaysia.
The major islands are Langkawi, Penang and Pangkor off
the west coast; and Tioman, Redang, Kapas, Perhentian
and Rawa off the east coast.
The population of Malaysia is multi-racial (approx 25
million). The Malays constitute 57 per cent, Chinese,
Indian and other groups constitute the rest of the population.
Major Business cities and towns
Kuala Lumpur, Klang Valley, Penang, Perak, Terengganu,
Malaysia has a tropical climate, which is warm and humid
(approximately 80 %) throughout the year with cooler temperatures
in the hill resorts. Temperatures range from 21 degree
Celsius to 33 degree Celsius.