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Geography

Area and geographical features
Malaysia is situated in central South-East Asia, bordering on Thailand in the north, with Singapore and Indonesia to the south. The land area of Malaysia is 329,758 sq km (127,320 square miles). It is composed of Peninsular Malaysia and the states of Sabah and Sarawak (East Malaysia) on the north coast of the island of Borneo, 650-950km (404-600 miles) across the South China Sea. Peninsula Malaysia is an area of forested mountain ranges running north to south, on either side of which are low-lying coastal plains. The coastline extends some 1900km (1200 miles). The west coast consists of mangrove swamps and mudflats which separate into bays and inlets. In the west, the plains have been cleared and cultivated, while the unsheltered east coast consists of tranquil beaches backed by dense jungle. Sarawak has alluvial and, in places, swampy coastal plains with rivers penetrating the jungle-covered hills and mountains of the interior. Sabah has a narrow coastal plain which gives way to mountains and jungle. Mount Kinabalu, at 4094m (13,432ft), is the highest peak in Malaysia. The major islands are Langkawi, Penang and Pangkor off the west coast; and Tioman, Redang, Kapas, Perhentian and Rawa off the east coast.

Population
The population of Malaysia is multi-racial (approx 25 million). The Malays constitute 57 per cent, Chinese, Indian and other groups constitute the rest of the population.

Major Business cities and towns
Kuala Lumpur, Klang Valley, Penang, Perak, Terengganu, Johor

Climate
Malaysia has a tropical climate, which is warm and humid (approximately 80 %) throughout the year with cooler temperatures in the hill resorts. Temperatures range from 21 degree Celsius to 33 degree Celsius.

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